Aviation Security Law (Paperback)

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Aviation is an important global business and a signi?cant driver of the global economy. Itisvital, therefore, thatstringentmeasuresaretakentocounteractsof unlawfulinterferencewithcivilaviation. TheConventiononInternationalCivil AviationsignedatChicagoon7December1944, statesinitsPreamblethatwhereas thedevelopmentofcivilaviationmayhelppreservefriendshipandunderstanding amongthepeopleoftheworld, yet, itsabusecouldbecomeathreattogeneral security. Thegenealogyoftheterm Terrorism liesinLatinterminologymeaning to causetotremble (terrere). Sincethecatastrophiceventsof11September2001, we have seen stringent legal measures taken by the United States to attack terrorism, notjustcurbit. Thefamousphrase waronterror denotespre-emptive andpreventivestrikescarriedoutthroughapplicableprovisionsoflegitimately adoptedprovisionsoflegislation. TheearliestexampleistheAirTransportation Safety and System Stabilization Act (ATSAA)enactedbyPresidentBushless thantwomonthsafterthe9/11attacks. Then, twomonthsaftertheattacks, in November2001, CongresspassedtheAviationandTransportationSecurityAct (ATSA)withaviewtoimprovingsecurityandclosingthesecurityloopholes whichexistedonthatfatefuldayinSeptember2001. Thelegislationpavedthe wayforahugefederalbodycalledtheTransportationSecurityAdministration (TSA) which was established within the Department of Transportation. The HomelandSecurityActof2002whichfollowedeffectedasigni?cantreorga- zationoftheFederalGovernment. Allthisgoestoshowthatthelawplaysasigni?cantroleinensuringaviation security. Thisbookaddressesnewandemergingthreatstocivilaviation;evaluates securitytoolsnowinusesuchasthePublicKeyDirectory, AdvancePassenger Information, PassengerNameRecordandMachineReadabletraveldocumentsin the context of their legal and regulatory background; and discusses applicable securitytreatieswhileprovidinganinsightintotheprocessofthesecurityaudits conductedbytheInternationalCivilAviationOrganization(ICAO). v vi Preface ThebookalsoexaminesissuesoflegalresponsibilityofStatesandindividuals forterroristactsofthirdpartiesagainstcivilaviationanddiscussesfromalegal perspectivethelatestliabilityConventionsadoptedatICAO. TheConclusionof thebookprovidesaninsightintotheapplicationoflegalprinciplesthroughrisk management. Sincethewritingofthisbook, theauthor publishedthreefeature articles entitled, The NW Flight 253 and the Global Framework of Aviation Security(AirandSpaceLaw, Volume35Issue2April2010167 182);TheUse of Full Body Scanners and Their Legal Implications; and The Use of Forged PassportsforActsofCriminality(bothofwhichcouldbeaccessedthroughthe webpageoftheJournalofTransportationSecurity(Springer). Thesethreearticles formausefuladjuncttothisbook. Montreal, CA RuwantissaAbeyratne Contents 1 ASecurityCulture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A. ARisk-BasedApproach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B. TheICAOResponse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 I. TheICAOHigh-LevelMinisterialConference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 II. PostConferenceWork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 C. EmergingThreats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 I. Probability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 II. ReactingtoProbability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 III. Deterrence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 IV. ProblemsofDeterrence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 V. ThreatAssessmentinICAO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 VI. TheAVSECPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 VII. Bioterrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 VIII. Cyber-Terrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 IX. MANPADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 X. TheDiverseNatureofMissileAttacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 XI. InstallationofanAnti-missileSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 XII. ThePerimeterGuard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 XIII. InternationalAccord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 XIV. OtherCurrentThreats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2 PrinciplesofResponsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 A. StateResponsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 I. PrinciplesofStateResponsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 II. TheTheoryofComplicity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 III. MechanismsforExtraditionofOffenders: TheLockerbieCase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 IV. TheCondonationTheory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 V. TheRoleofKnowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 vii viii Contents VI. Pro?lingofPassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

About the Author


Dr. Ruwantissa Abeyratne has worked in the field of aviation law and management for over twenty five years. He is currently Acting Deputy Director, Air Transport Bureau, at the International Civil Aviation Organization. He is also Professor of Aeropolitics and Law at the John Molson School of Business, Concordia University, Montreal.


Product Details
ISBN: 9783642447662
ISBN-10: 364244766X
Publisher: Springer
Publication Date: October 31st, 2014
Pages: 287
Language: English