The science and craft of creation, utilization, management, restoration and conservation of forests, woodlands and related resources for human and environmental benefits is called forestry. It is practiced in natural stands and plantations. It embraces a wide range of concerns which include erosion control, watershed management, recreation, landscape and community protection, biodiversity management, etc. This discipline develops and implements forest management plans. Forest genetic resources are an important factor which is considered under forestry. There are diverse branches of forestry such as agroforestry, ecoforestry, sustainable forestry, mycoforestry, permaforestry, energy forestry, community forestry, analog forestry, etc. This book is compiled in such a manner, that it will provide an in-depth knowledge about the theory and practice of forestry. Also included herein is a detailed explanation of its various concepts and applications. Coherent flow of topics, student-friendly language and extensive use of examples make this book an invaluable source of knowledge.