Timber and Forestry in Qing China: Sustaining the Market (Culture) (Paperback)

Timber and Forestry in Qing China: Sustaining the Market (Culture) Cover Image
By Meng Zhang, K. Sivaramakrishnan (Editor), K. Sivaramakrishnan (Foreword by)
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In the Qing period (1644-1912), China's population tripled, and the flurry of new development generated unprecedented demand for timber. Standard environmental histories have often depicted this as an era of reckless deforestation, akin to the resource misuse that devastated European forests at the same time. This comprehensive new study shows that the reality was more complex: as old-growth forests were cut down, new economic arrangements emerged to develop renewable timber resources.

Historian Meng Zhang traces the trade routes that connected population centers of the Lower Yangzi Delta to timber supplies on China's southwestern frontier. She documents innovative property rights systems and economic incentives that convinced landowners to invest years in growing trees. Delving into rare archives to reconstruct business histories, she considers both the formal legal mechanisms and the informal interactions that helped balance economic profit with environmental management. Of driving concern were questions of sustainability: How to maintain a reliable source of timber across decades and centuries? And how to sustain a business network across a thousand miles? This carefully constructed study makes a major contribution to Chinese economic and environmental history and to world-historical discourses on resource management, early modern commercialization, and sustainable development.

About the Author

Meng Zhang is assistant professor of history at Loyola Marymount University.

Product Details
ISBN: 9780295748870
ISBN-10: 0295748877
Publisher: University of Washington Press
Publication Date: June 30th, 2021
Pages: 280
Language: English
Series: Culture